How to Extract Unzip tar.gz Files: Step-by-Step Windows and Linux Guide

Generally speaking, a collection of files archived and compressed as a .tar.gz will be more space-efficient (i.e., smaller) than the same collection compressed as a .zip. The extraction method is precisely the same for tar files that have compression, such as.tar.gz,.tar.bz2, and others. how to buy stacks To unzip the .tar.gz files, you’ll need to use specific commands and tools depending on your operating system. Let’s explore the extraction process for both Linux & Windows platforms. People new to the .tar format usually equate it to a .zip archive, but a tar archive is not compressed.

  1. There are several ways to extract or unzip a tar.gz file in Linux, depending on the tool you have available or prefer to use.
  2. DEB is the native and most common package format Ubuntu and other Debian-based Linux distributions use.
  3. But with .zip being the easier of the two to use, why use .tar in the first place?
  4. Since .tar.gz compresses multiple files all at once, it can take advantage of similarities between individual files to save on space.

If you plan to distribute and store .tar.gz files on your website, Kinsta’s managed hosting services can help make the most of your space. Where commands have little (if any) room for typos or omissions, many common errors are the result of small mistakes, misspellings, or incorrect formats. Thankfully, unless you’re somehow missing your tar or gzip utility, most common errors are very easy to fix. With the command prompt open, use the appropriate commands to change the current working directory (cd) to the location of the .tar.gz file you want to unzip.

That means users can download and use it for free during a trial period. Also, its trial version does not have time limitations, and users can still use it even after the trial period has expired, with occasional reminders to purchase the license. These files can be used in incremental backup strategies – where only new or modified files are added to the archive. Gzip compression reduces the overall file size, which makes it more efficient for distribution, backup, and storage purposes. It just bundles files & directories together while preserving their file structure and metadata. This means it takes all the specified files and puts them together into one container.

Extract Files to the Current Directory

This error occurs when trying to extract specific files or directories from a .tar.gz file using tar. A “.tar” file is a collection of files compressed into a single file or archive. Short for “Tape canada approves breakthrough bitcoin exchange fund ARchive,” the name “TAR” is a throwback to when files were stored on magnetic tape drives. Whether you prefer command-line tools or graphical file archivers, the extraction process is pretty simple.

Of course, that’s not to say .tar files are some kind of “lesser” format than .zip. Rather, they both accomplish the same task (file compression) in the same way. On the other hand, Windows users can rely on third-party file archiver tools like 7-zip or WinRAR to effortlessly extract files. In this guide, you will learn how to extract or unzip .tar.gz files in Linux. Knowing how to unzip a .tar.gz file allows users to extract and access the archives’ contents efficiently.

Find out how to list, extract, and create tar.gz archives. The tar command also provides support for extracting only specific files or directories from a .tar.gz file. Simply add a space-separated list of the files you want to extract. This command will extract (-x) the file (-f) specified (in this case, filename.tar.gz) to the current directory.

If you only want to see the file names, you can omit the -v option. After reading this article, you know how to extract or unzip .tar.gz file in Linux using different methods and tools. If the command line isn’t your thing, there are plenty of user-friendly tools available to unzip tar.gz files.

How Do I Unzip a .tar.gz File in Linux Terminal?

In this example, the user tried to extract the file titled “FILE” from filename.tar.gz. However, tar was unable to find FILE within .tar.gz, meaning that the user either misspelled the name or that the file simply doesn’t exist in filename.tar.gz. Another common cause of errors is case sensitivity, buying and selling of bitcoins through peer 2021 where Linux treats “FILE” and “file” as two separate entities. If you want to keep the original file after compression, there are two options. The first is the -k option, and the other uses the -c option to output the compressed file to a different file, preserving the original.

In this article, you learned how to extract or unzip tar.gz files in Linux using the tar command and other tools. You also learned how to list the contents of a tar.gz file and how to create your own tar.gz archives. In this article, you will learn how to extract or unzip tar.gz files in Linux using the tar command and other tools. You will also learn how to list the contents of a tar.gz file and how to create your own tar.gz archives. WinRAR is a popular file compression & archive utility software. It allows users to create, view, and extract files in various archive formats, including its native .RAR format as well as other common formats like .ZIP, .7z, ISO, .TAR, and more.

Tar collected all the files into one package, but the files can be compressed with separate utilities. Some of the most popular archive managers for Linux are File Roller, Ark, Xarchiver, and PeaZip. They offer more features and options than the file managers, such as creating, modifying, encrypting, and splitting archives. You can install them from your distribution’s package manager or software center.

Note that this command also works with other common compression formats such as .tar.bz2. Though gzip is the most common compression utility, it’s not the only one. As you might imagine, using a different compression utility on a .tar file will result in a different double extension. Some common examples include .tar.bz2 (bzip2), .tar.br (Brotli), and .tar.zst (zstd), among many others.

What command do I need to unzip/extract a .tar.gz file?

Any remotely modern version of tar should auto-detect that the archive is gzipped, and add “z” for you. The command extracts files to a new directory called example1, which is located in the current directory. You can also add the verbose output option (-v) to provide detailed listings, including dates, securities/permissions, and more. Otherwise, keep reading to learn how to unzip .tar.gz files in Linux, macOS, and Windows.

You can create your own compressed .tar files using compression utilities such as gzip. Gzip is one of the most popular and available options, especially since it comes built in to most Linux distributions and macOS. As we’ll see later, different compression utilities may require different methods for extracting and unzipping files. Though we’ll mostly focus on .tar.gz files, check out the end of the article for some quick tips on extracting .tar files in other formats. Where .zip files consist of many individually compressed files, .tar files are compressed as a single package, leaving its files uncompressed. In other words, .zip files are a collection of compressed files, while .tar files are a compressed collection of files.

DEB is the native and most common package format Ubuntu and other Debian-based Linux distributions use. It contains compiled binaries, libraries, configuration files, and metadata required to install and manage software on a Ubuntu system. Perhaps you might also be interested in learning how to unzip files in Linux. The -v option makes the tar command more verbose and prints the details of each file, such as permissions, owner, size, and modification date.

As a result, we recommend sticking to free (but trustworthy) tools or simply using the command line. Canonical released its first official version of the OS, Ubuntu 4.10, codenamed ‘Warty Warthog’ in October 2004. Canonical released its first official version of the OS, Ubuntu 4.10, codenamed ‘Warty Warthog’ in October 2004. Most Linux distributions come with the  tar command pre-installed by default.

Alternatively, you can also specify a source and destination file path when using the tar utility. It’s often useful to list the contents of a .tar.gz file without having to unzip the entire archive. Technical details aside, all you need to remember is that .zip files are more accessible but less space-efficient, while .tar files are less accessible but more space-efficient. As a result, one isn’t necessarily better than the other — it’s all a matter of application. Where most operating systems make it easy to extract and create .zip files, the same can’t really be said for .tar files — at least not in ways that are easy to notice.


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